Avoidant Personality Disorder
Who is at risk of avoidant personality disorder?
There is no way to know who will develop APD. People who have the disorder are typically very shy as children. However, not every child who is shy goes on to develop the disorder. Likewise, not every adult who is shy has the disorder.
If you have APD, your shyness most likely grew as you got older. It may have gotten to the point that you began avoiding other people and certain situations.
How is avoidant personality disorder diagnosed?
Your doctor may refer you to a mental health professional who will ask you questions to determine if you have APD. To be diagnosed with APD, your symptoms must begin no later than early adulthood.
You must also show at least four of the following characteristics:
- You avoid work activities that involve contact with others. This is due to fear of criticism, disapproval, or rejection.
- You’re unwilling to get involved with other people unless you’re sure they like you.
- You hold back in relationships because you’re afraid you’ll be ridiculed or humiliated.
- The fear of being criticized or rejected in social situations dominates your thoughts.
- You hold back or completely avoid social situations because you feel inadequate.
- You think you’re inferior to others, unappealing, and inept.
- You’re unlikely to take part in new activities or to take personal risks because you’re afraid of embarrassment.
How is avoidant personality disorder treated?
Psychotherapy is the most effective treatment for APD. Your therapist may use psychodynamic psychotherapy or cognitive behavioral therapy. The goal of therapy is to help you identify your unconscious beliefs about yourself and how others see you. It also aims to help you function better socially and at work.
Psychodynamic therapy is a form of talk therapy. It helps you become aware of your unconscious thoughts. It can help you understand how past experiences influence your current behavior. This allows you to examine and resolve past emotional pains and conflicts. Then you can move forward with a healthier outlook about yourself and how others see you. Psychodynamic psychotherapy produces lasting results with benefits that continue after treatment.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is another form of talk therapy. In CBT, a therapist helps you recognize and replace unhealthy beliefs and thought processes. Your therapist will encourage you to examine and test your thoughts and beliefs to see if they have a factual basis. They’ll also help you develop alternative, healthier thoughts.
The FDA hasn’t approved any medications to treat personality disorders. However, your doctor may prescribe antidepressant medications if you have co-occurring depression or anxiety.