What is risk assessment framework (RAF)? Definition from #network #security #risk #assessment


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risk assessment framework (RAF)

A risk assessment framework (RAF) is a strategy for prioritizing and sharing information about the security risks to an information technology (IT) infrastructure.

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A good RAF organizes and presents information in a way that both technical and non-technical personnel can understand. It has three important components: a shared vocabulary, consistent assessment methods and a reporting system.

The common view an RAF provides helps an organization see which of its systems are at low risk for abuse or attack and which are at high risk. The data an RAF provides is useful for addressing potential threats pro-actively, planning budgets and creating a culture in which the value of data is understood and appreciated.

There are several risk assessment frameworks that are accepted as industry standards including:

  • Risk Management Guide for Information Technology Systems (NIST guide) from the National Institute of Standards.
  • Operationally Critical Threat, Asset, and Vulnerability Evaluation (OCTAVE) from the Computer Emergency Readiness Team.
  • Control Objectives for Information and related Technology (COBIT) from the Information Systems Audit and Control Association.

To create a risk management framework, an organization can use or modify the NIST guide, OCTAVE or COBIT or create a framework inhouse that fits the organization’s business requirements. However the framework is built, it should:

1. Inventory and categorize all IT assets.
Assets include hardware, software, data, processes and interfaces to external systems.

2. Identify threats.
Natural disasters or power outages should be considered in addition to threats such as malicious access to systems or malware attacks.

3. Identify corresponding vulnerabilities.
Data about vulnerabilities can be obtained from security testing and system scans. Anecdotal information about known software and/or vendor issues should also be considered.

4. Prioritize potential risks.
Prioritization has three sub-phases: evaluating existing security controls, determining the likelihood and impact of a breach based on those controls, and assigning risk levels.

5. Document risks and determine action.
This is an on-going process, with a pre-determined schedule for issuing reports. The report should document the risk level for all IT assests, define what level of risk an organization is willing to tolerate and accept and identify procedures at each risk level for implementing and maintaining security controls.

This was last updated in October 2010

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Related Terms

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A penetration test is done to evaluate the security of a computer system or network by simulating an attack by a malicious user / hacker. The process involves active exploitation of security vulnerabilities that may be present due to poor or improper system configuration, known and / or unknown hardware or software flaws, or operational weaknesses in process or design.

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This workshop gives an in-depth perspective of penetration testing approach and methodology that covers all modern infrastructure, operating systems and application environments.

This workshop is designed to teach security professionals the tools and techniques required to perform comprehensive information security assessment.

Participants will learn how to design, secure and test networks to protect their organization from the threats hackers and crackers pose. This workshop will help participants to effectively identify and mitigate risks to the security of their organization s infrastructure.

This 40 hour highly interactive workshop will help participants have hands on understanding and experience in Security Assessment.

A proper understanding of Security Assessment is an important requirement to analyze the integrity of the IT infrastructure.

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Therefore this workshop will prepare you to handle VA / PT assignments and give you a better understanding of various security concepts and practices that will be of valuable use to you and your organization.

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Anyone aspiring for a career in Security Assessment would benefit from this workshop. The workshop is restricted to participants who have knowledge of ethical hacking countermeasures.

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Digital Running Records on Raz-Plus

With our Online Running Record tool, Raz-Plus or Raz-Kids members can:

  • Assign and listen to recordings of Benchmark Passages and Books.
  • Score recordings using an online running record tool.

BENCHMARK PASSAGES & RUNNING RECORDS

Find students’ instructional levels by assessing their reading skills with developmentally appropriate texts while recording reading behavior. Benchmark Passages are short text selections that are one part of a three-part process to help place students at their instructional levels for leveled reading sessions and to assess their readiness to progress to the next level.

Why Benchmark Passages

Benchmark Passages assess comprehension and reward students’ progress from level to level. They are one part of a three-part process that provides a more complete assessment of reading behavior and comprehension than any of the parts independently.

  • Each level has 2 fiction and 2 nonfiction passages.
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  1. Give a student a Benchmark Passage he or she has never seen before to read aloud. If you prefer to use familiar text, use the fiction-nonfiction topic pair at each level. Use one passage from the pair to support a student’s understanding of the topic before assessing with the other passage.
  2. Record the student’s reading behavior using the passage’s Running Record form.
  3. If a student scores 90 percent, assess the student’s comprehension using a Quick Check from Level A-Z and Retelling Rubrics .
  4. If a student scores from 90%-94% percent on the running record and answers comprehension questions at 80%-100%, he or she is at an instructional level. (For more details, see About Running Records ).
  5. Use Benchmark WOWzers to reward students’ progress from level to level.

Features and Chart

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Enterprise Risk Management

Tools Templates

This section is a central resource for miscellaneous tools and templates. Examples include sample strategic plans, risk assessments, risk ranking tools, and an ERM assessment case study.

There are various types of risk assessment activities that are regularly conducted throughout organizations. Your ERM group should become familiar with and support the various assessments conducted and use the results of these assessments in developing and maturing their ERM Program.

Your ERM group may want to consider identifying risk assessments that have already been completed and then work with the key owner’s for the risk to develop and assist with improving the control activities, information and communication and monitoring (in other words, fill in the rest of the COSO model).

The UCOP Office of Risk Services (OPRS) offers several Excel-based tools intended to support the risk assessment process at each of the UC locations.

Information on UC Tracker, a web based tool to facilitate the review and documentation of key department controls as required by SAS 112/115.

A tool that helps automate the continuous monitoring of controls established as a result of any type of risk assessment.

Mission Continuity Planning

A systemwide program that enables all of our campuses, medical centers and national laboratory to better prepare to meet the challenges of resuming business operations after a major event occurs.

Helps you consider the strategic, financial, operational, compliance, reporting, and reputational risks associated with a new initiative or project.

Helps you consider the factors affecting the risks faced by your Campus or Medical Center location. It will help you compare the benefits and risks of each option so you can make informed decisions.

Workbook to help minimize risks of collection loss and maximize return on UC’s investment in information assets.

Find answers to FAQs about the various tools and how to choose the one that’s right for you.