How to Copy Files To and From a VMware Server Virtual Machine


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How to Copy Files To and From a VMware Server Virtual Machine Guest

Files may be copied to and from the guest operating system running inside a VMware virtual machine using the vmrun command line tool.

Note that in order to perform these tasks, VMware Tools must be installed on the guest operating system. For details on installing VMware Tools refer to the Understanding and Installing VMware Tools chapter of the Virtuatopia VMware Server 2.0 Essentials online book.

Finding the vmrun Tool

The vmrun tool is installed on the host system as part of the VMware Server and VMware Workstation virtualization products. Assuming a standard installation where the software is placed in the default location, the vmrun executable is located in \Program Files\VMware\VMware Server on Windows hosts and in the /usr/bin directory on Linux hosts.

Understanding vmrun Command Line Syntax

The basic command line syntax for using vmrun varies slightly between VMware products, but can generally be summarized as follows:

vmrun host authentication flags guest authentication flags command parameters

The host authentication flags are required to provide host, login and password information for the host system. These are essentially the same credentials that would be used when accessing the VI Web Access management interface. These flags are required only on VMware Server hosts, and are not needed for VMware Workstation:

The corresponding password for the guest user specified using the -gu flag.

The command argument identifies to vmrun the task to be performed on the specified virtual machine. For example, start. stop and reset are all valid commands. Other commands are available to perform tasks within a guest operating system, such as runProgramInGuest and deleteFileInGuest.

The parameters arguments specify optional information required for a specific command. If, for example, the stop command is specified, the parameters argument is used to reference the .vmx file of the virtual machine which is to be powered off. In the case of running guest commands, both the .vmx file of the target virtual machine and the path to the program to be executed must be provided as parameters.

When specifying the virtual machine on which a command is to be executed, the location of the virtual machine .vmx configuration file must be provided. For VMware Workstation, this involves specifying the full path of the file. For example:

In the case of VMware Server 2.0, which introduced the concept of datastores. the name of the datastore in which the virtual machines resides must be provided together with the path of the corresponding .vmx file within that datastore. For example, to reference a virtual machine stored in the win2008 sub-directory of the Vol1 datastore, the vmrun path parameter would be defined as follows (note that the datastore name is enclosed in square brackets and separated from the sub-directory by a space character):

Copying Files to a Virtual Machine Guest

A file may be copied to the guest operating system running in a VMware virtual machine using the copyFileFromHostToGuest command. For example:

Copying Files from a Virtual Machine Guest

A file may be copied from the guest operating system running in a VMware virtual machine using the copyFileFromGuestToHost command. For example:

Checking if a File Exists in a Virtual Machine Guest

Before attempting to copy a file to or from a gust operating system, it may first be useful to check whether the file exists on the guest filesystems. This can quickly be achieved with vmrun and the fileExistsInGuest command. For example:


Business proofreading services and copyediting #business #proofreading, #proofreading #services, #copyediting, #internet #proofreading,


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Disk Image Software

January 8 2014, Richard Pardoe,
technology blogger

Imagine the situation: you’ve just created an image of a really valuable disk. Maybe it’s an image of favourite DVD that you’re taking on holiday, or perhaps it’s a backup of a solid state hard drive containing critical business data.

October 9 2013, Richard Pardoe,
technology blogger

Data is a precious commodity, and a significant data loss can cause havoc in your personal life, career or business.

In today’s digital age, we’re all well aware of the importance of backups. But how many of us are really doing them regularly? If the computer you were reading this on suddenly died, would all your crucial data be safely stowed away somewhere else and easily recoverable?

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a computer specialist for a medium-sized company

Disk image software provides the ultimate solution to data backup since it allows you to make a complete, byte-by-byte copy of an entire disk without the risk of missing anything important.

An error appears indicating the CreateSnapshotSet() failed. What should I do?

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a small business owner in the GTA

Read more: Disk Image Users Guide . Sales Questions


Quickbooks over VPN? Archive – Micro Focus Forums #operations, #work, #quickbooks, #long,


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05-Apr-2005, 07:16 PM

I recently set up our new accountant with the BM vpn and NW clients so that
she might be able to access our quickbooks 2000 database via a mapped drive
while connected to our BM3.7 server. She can connect fine, and althought QB
(a known resource hog) is fairly slow for most common operations over the
vpn (both client and server have SDSL connections over 500kbps), it is not
entirely unworkable. SOME particular operations, however, take an
IMPOSSIBLY long time (especially find operations in the records DB),
literally many, many orders of magnitude slower than everything else.

Is this really just due to the number of drive accesses involved in these
operations, or is there some other buggy issue at work here?

Does anyone know how to troubleshoot/work around this problem effectively?
We are really trying to avoid having to shutdown/lock the QB system long
enough for our accountant to copy the DB to a local machine, do her work,
and then write it back out to our system. We really need a way for her to
be able to work remotely AND concurrently with the rest of us.

Many, many thanks in advance for any help.

06-Apr-2005, 04:26 PM

You will probably need to take some traces (Ethereal on the PC’s
involved) to see what kind of traffic is involved. Might be as simple
as needing to reduce MTU size on one or both ends of that connection.

Perhaps simpler would be to use pcANYWHERE, VNC or terminal server/RDP
to remote control an internal PC over the VPN to do the work remotely.

Craig Johnson
Novell Support Connection SysOp
*** For a current patch list, tips, handy files and books on
BorderManager, go to http://www.craigjconsulting.com ***

06-Apr-2005, 04:33 PM

My experience with Quickbooks over a lan is that the newer versions can be a
little slow as it is. I would venture to say that there is just way too
much data to push through that small DSL pipe.

14-Apr-2005, 04:07 PM

Thanks for the input Craig and JP,

I apologize for my own sluggish response. I actually found a post on
another site that echoed Craig’s suggestion of running quickbooks on a local
machine and having the remote client connect to it using pcAnywhere or the
like so that all the heavy drive accesses remain local. I’m going to give
that a try.

Thanks again for the help,