Home Distillation of Alcohol (Homemade Alcohol to Drink) #poteen, #homemade #alcohol, #stills,


Methanol & Other Impurities

Methanol is formed when fermenting beverages high in pectins – eg grapes and berries. Starting with a grain or sugar based wort, in a clean fermentor with a yeast culture from a well aereated source will result in small/none formed.
Carl from Hambletonbard (makers of Alcotec yeasts) details.

    Methanol, you will typically get around 2 or 3 parts per million (or milligrams per litre if you prefer) of methanol produced during fermentation of a standard 6kg type Alcotec – this is extremely low even compared to commercial products. We don’t have a great deal of data on methanol because whenever we have tested for it we have got extremely low results.

Mike explains about the pectin.

    The methanol comes from the pectin, which mainly composed of methyl esters of galactose. When pectin breaks down, by enzymes introduced by microorganisms, or deliberately introduced, the methyl esters combine with water to produce methanol, so the aim should be to leave the pectin well alone if you can.

    I think Jack would agree that what he means is that fermenting at a high temperature, or adding pectin enzyme, or trying for an abv higher than 12% all increase the risk of methanol being produced, so his advice about low temperature fermentation, adding no exra enzymes, and a target lower than 12%abv is all good stuff.

You are already being exposed to methanol from other sources. Some fruit juices are naturally high in methanol – for example apple juice can have 0.2-0.3% methanol, or if derived from pulp by enzymatic degradation, the levels can be 2 to 3 times higher.

The lethal dose of methanol is at least 100 ml that is equal to about 80000 mg or you need 27000 liters of mash at least to get that amount.

also from the webpage: “Dietary surveys have shown that an extreme consumer of orange juice drinks slightly over 2 litres/day. The estimated maximum intake of methanol based on this consumption would be 455 mg for a 60 kg adult which is below the maximum advisory intake of 600 mg per day for a 60 kg adult, recommended by the Department of Health.”

So if we stay under 600 mg per day we are safe, that’s the same as 200 liters of mash per day or about 70 liters of 40% alcohol per day if you weight is 60 kg.

total amount of methanol in mash expressed in ml is about 0.1 ml = nothing.

Jack comments.

    The Long Ashton Research Station did some studies that showed that ciders and apple juices clarified with pectic enzymes are higher in methanol due to the demethylation of juice pectins. The methanol content varied from 10 to 400 ppm in the test samples. I don’t know which fruits are highest/lowest in pectin content, but apples are commonly considered the highest.

    This is why all the old books on cider making refer to a condition called “apple palsey” – it’s the massively painfull hangover from the high methanol content. In order to prevent this (I’m sure distilling the pectin turns it into methanol) distillers must fully clarify any fruit wine before cooking it. Rather than use clarifiers, put the wine into 2 or 4 liter plastic jugs (only filled half full) and freeze them solid, then thaw them out, this will result in perfectly clear (and chill- stabilized) wine ready for distilling. After the thawing is complete or maybe as much as a week after, the wine will be crystal clear.

Stephen Alexander reports that commercial spirits contain small levels of methanol. ‘Food Chemistry’ by Belitz more methanol is produced in fruit fermentation than in grains. Brewers do not remove the methanol in beer and wine because methanol is not especially toxic at low concentrations. You are looking at between 0.4%-1% methanol in wines and brandies and smaller amounts in beers. Distillers remove almost all the methanol in most cases. Ever notice how vodka produces clean hangovers and wines (particularly reds) give you very nasty hangovers? Methanol. That, and dehydration!

Methanol is an especially nasty type of alcohol because the body tries to break it down the same way it metabolizes, or breaks down, ethanol, the type of alcohol in beer, wine and other drinks. Metabolizing ethanol produces chemicals less toxic to the body than alcohol. Unfortunately, if the same chemical action is performed on methanol the result is formic acid, lactic acid and formaldehyde.

Formaldehyde attacks nerve cells, especially the optic nerve and can damage the liver and kidneys. Formic acid and lactic acid also attack the kidneys and liver. Most people who have drunk methanol die of severe and sudden kidney and liver failure.

Chronic methanol drinking will cause optical damage. The stories of moonshine causing blindness comes from U.S. prohibition times where some bootleggers used to cut moonshine with methylated spirits to increase profit.

Gregory writes:

    It isn’t the yeast that controls methanol, it’s what you’re fermenting. I believe yeast has very limited metabolic pathways around methanol. Quoting from http://www.madsci.org/posts/archives/jul2000/965090996.Bc.r.html –

    “Basically it can be produced biologically in 2 ways; through the oxidation of methane by methane monooxygenase, or by the reduction of formaldehyde, by methanol dehydrogenase (and this reaction normally works in the reverse direction).

    It’s true that some methanol can be produced during fermentation, but this is not derived from the ethanol or by carbohydrate oxidation. It is produced in small amounts, either by non-enzymatic reactions or through the reduction of formaldehyde.”

    Methane isn’t present in our washes, so the culprit is formaldehyde. I believe the pectins in fruit are methylated and can break down in the wash into formaldehyde. But so long as your wash has only pure fermentable carbohydrates, you can expect essentially zero methanol. There’s a bit more in this discussion of methanol here: http://yarchive.net/med/methanol_poisoning.html

    Ethyl acetate, OTOH, is produced spontaneously whenever acetate is present with ethanol. There are several possible sources of acetate during fermentation. In general, acetate is formed by oxidation of ethanol. (In fact, acetate is the ‘end-product’ of our own metabolism of ethanol). In fermentation, oxidation of ethanol into acetate can happen as a result of desperate yeast metabolizing its own ethanol, or by contamination with other yeasts or bacteria.

    http://homedistiller.org ?>

5 Ways to Survive a Flood #quick #dry #flood #services


How to Survive a Flood

Floods can strike quickly and with little warning in many parts of the world. Surviving a flood is a combination of preparation and appropriate action as soon as the disaster begins. Prepare yourself for a flood by packing an emergency kit and finding shelter. Stay away from water and stick to high ground during the flood. Afterwards, cautiously return home. Disinfect and repair affected areas so you’ll stay safe even after the water is gone.

Steps Edit

Method One of Five:
Making a Flood Survival Plan Edit

Identify where to go during an evacuation. Sit down with your family to establish a plan of action. Pick several meeting spots in case you need to leave home, such as a friend’s home in a safe town or a shelter in your area. Make sure everyone in the family knows where these locations are and how to get there. Make sure the shelters and the routes to them are through high ground. [1]

  • Call your local Red Cross chapter, emergency management office, or planning and zoning department. These coordinators will have designated shelters, such as schools or stadiums.

Create a family communications plan. Print out blank plans on fema.gov. Write down contact information, neighborhood meeting spots, and personal identification details. It’ll make everyone easier to find in case of an emergency.

  • It’s better to text during the flood. Texts have a better chance of getting through and don’t tie up lines needed for emergencies. [2]

Assemble an emergency supplies kit. Ready a kit that includes basic necessities. A good kit will have enough food and water for everyone for at least three days. Pack at least three gallons of water per person so everyone can drink a gallon a day. Bring a week’s worth of any special medications your family needs and a first aid kit. Pack at least one clothing change for each person. Include warm clothing and rain-resistant gear. [3]

  • Remember to check your food supplies every year. Replace expiring food.
  • Bring personal identification documents such as passports, driver’s licenses, birth certificates, and bank account numbers. Also pack some extra cash. Store these in a waterproof container.
  • Think of what you and your family will need to complete your kit. You may include items like a can opener, duct tape, pet supplies, baby supplies, and sanitary items.

Listen to the news for flood risk warnings. Flooding information can be found on your local news or weather station’s TV channel or website. Tune in to monitor changes in the weather. Also, listen to local radio stations for periodic updates. [14]

  • A flood watch means that flooding may happen in your area. A flood warning means flooding is happening or will occur soon.

Watch known flood areas. Keep an eye on dangerous areas such as drainage channels, canyons, and streams. These tend to overflow quickly in flash floods and are very dangerous. Stay far away from them and recognize any that are near you. They may cause flooding before there are any news reports. [15]

Listen to the authorities for directions. If you are evacuated, don’t attempt to go home until the authorities say it’s safe to do so. Floodwaters can persist for some time even after the immediate threat is gone. In addition, listen for the authorities to say that water from the community water supply is safe to drink. [16]

  • Stay tuned to news sources on the radio, TV, and online.

Method Five of Five:
Returning Home after a Flood Edit

Watch out for damaged areas. Roads and other paths will have been eroded. Stay off of bridges. The soil under usual routes will be muddy and less able to support the weight of vehicles. Find alternate routes over high ground or wait for the authorities to indicate which roads are safe. [17]

  • Buildings that were hit by floodwaters are also dangerous. They may have unseen damage and collapse on you. Stay away from them.

Avoid downed electrical lines and flooded areas. Assume any downed power lines or electrical wires are live. Don’t approach them. Assume any floodwater you see is also dangerous. Stillwater may be contaminated with gas, oil, and sewage. They may also have become electrified. [18]

  • Don’t try to enter buildings surrounded by floodwater.

Turn off all electrical and gas lines. Your home may have suffered structural damage, including wet electrical wires and gas leaks. Don’t depend on standard power sources. Instead, inspect your home for damage using a flashlight. When possible, have a professional repair the damage. [19]

  • If you smell gas or hear hissing, get away from your home immediately.
  • Don’t use candles or lanterns until you’re certain the gas lines are secure.

Use a stick to check for snakes. Dangerous animals may have washed into your home or taken shelter there. Overturn hidden areas with a stick or pole as you search for damage. The last thing you need is to have a pet or family member bitten by a snake. Have an animal control specialist come help remove them. [20]

Take pictures of your home for insurance purposes. This may be the last thing you think of, but it’s important to document the damage. Get movies or pictures of your entire house. Use a disposable camera if you have to so you can get accurate pictures of the damage. Continue capturing the necessary documentation as you clean. Contact your insurance agent for more information.

  • Doing this will make insurance claims, disaster assistance applications, and income tax deductions much easier to complete down the road.

Make repairs to your home. Your house may be unsafe to occupy. A sump pump, wet-dry shop vacuum, or water pump will remove standing water. Have a professional check your home for structural damage. Get someone to repair leaks in the septic system and gas supply before going back into your home. Follow up with electrical repair work for damaged wiring. [21]

Clean your home. Mud and water that washed into your home can contain sewage and dangerous chemicals. In addition, leftover water leads to mold. Open up all the door and windows. Scrub affected areas with hot water and a cleaner like a heavy-duty laundry or dish detergent. Follow up by disinfecting with a 10% bleach and water solution. Wash your hands after cleaning. [22]

  • Fans are useful for blowing air out of your home or drying out hidden areas like corners.

How To Dry Out A Wet Cell Phone – Dropped In The



We recently dropped our Android Motorola cell phone into the toilet. Yep, it happens. We did everything possible and very quickly to get it dry and surprisingly, it now works perfectly. Here are a few ways to dry it off as fast as possible to see if it will ever turn back on.

  1. First, QUICKLY take the cell phone apart by removing every component. The case, the cover, the battery, the SIM card, the memory card.
  2. Dry everything off with a towel. The phone will be wet internally so spin and twist it around in the air to get any excess water out of it.
  3. Get a hair dryer and get some warm air moving over top of the phone. Try and have the hot air flow over the phone and evaporate the moisture. Once you have gotten all of the water and moisture out of the phone you possibly can, fill a large bowl with rice.
  4. Put your phone in the rice and bury it. Rice pulls out moisture and this trick will remove the excess moisture from the inside of your phone. Ever see a salt shaker full of rice? Same principal, the rice keeps the salt dry therefore it can be dispensed without sticking.Give your phone a FULL DAY in the rice.
  5. Take the phone out of the rice and cross your fingers. Put the components back in the phone and try turning it on. If will not turn on, grab an extra battery or charge it up as it may be drained. If your phone won t turn back on then it may be DEAD. You can try the wet phone drying procedure again and hope for the best.

If you cannot afford a brand new phone, try checking on auction sites like Ebay or free classified ad websites like Craigs List.
You can also buy a prepaid phone from the same carrier you use, stick your previous working SIM card in it and you have a phone to use instantly.


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Uhmmm i accidentally put my phone closer to the window and i didn t know it would rain so i freak out. i don t know what to do. i just charged it but it AUTOMATICALLY went ON by itself without pressing the POWER button. so i m curious why it happened that way. I ve tried everything to dry it up and make sure it will work NORMALLY after that BUT i can t touch or move the touch screen part of my android.

Pls help me i want my phone back and i have important things inside it.
thank you for you kind consideration.

Hi Chris,
Once a phone gets wet, always remove the battery. Separate as many pieces of the phone as you can (case, protectors, back panel). Wipe any excess water off all parts of the phone with a towel and place the pieces in the sun if possible. If you have no access to sunlight, use a hairdryer by running it on low and not letting heat directly hit the phone. You just want the warm air to flow over top of the phone to pull away moisture. Give it some time to dry then assemble and turn on power.