Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve Costa Rica maps of trails, photos, sounds, weather,


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Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve

Areas with poor drainages support swamp forests, while other parts dissected by deep, expansive gorges have numerous streams tumbling through, creating rapids, waterfalls and standstill pools. It is, however, not merely the forest and landscape that are so diversified.

The variable climate and large altitudinal gradient have helped to produce an amazingly heterogeneous set of creatures that live here. Some of these include the jaguar, ocelot, Baird s tapir, three-wattled bellbird, bare-necked umbrellabird, and the famously elusive resplendent quetzal.

History. In the early 1950s, a group of Quakers from the United States left their homes in Alabama and arrived in Monteverde at a time when the region was just beginning to be settled. The Quakers, fleeing the United States to avoid being drafted into the Korean War, established a simple life in Monteverde centered on dairy and cheese production. Some of these families helped establish the Monteverde and Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserves some 20 years later.

In 1972, the Monteverde rainforest was threatened by local farmers looking to expand their property and homestead on certain forest sites. With this prospect in mind, visiting scientists George Powell and his wife joined forces with longtime resident Wildford Guidon to promote the establishment of a nature preserve. The Tropical Science Center, a non-governmental scientific and environmental organization, proved receptive to the efforts of the Powells and Guidon, and accepted institutional responsibility for ownership and management of the protected areas. An initial land purchase of 328 hectares formed the core of the Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve.

Following the preserve’s creation, the Tropical Science Center continued to secure the financial and human resources necessary to expand, consolidate, and properly protect the preserve s current 10,500 hectares. See more Monteverde photos .

Hours. For daily schedules and rates, please click the tour reservation options below. Children ages 6 and under are free.

Information. The restaurant, souvenir shop and art gallery are open from 7 AM to 4 PM. There are restrooms at the entrance but none on the trails.

Location. 3.6 miles (6 km) SE of Santa Elena, Monteverde. See Monteverde map for more information.

Getting there. Buses heading to the reserve leave from the Banco Nacional in Santa Elena at 6:15 AM, 7:20 AM and 1:15 PM. Return buses leave the reserve at 11:30 AM, 2:00 PM and 4:00 PM. Cost is $1 each way. Visitors can board the bus anywhere along the road between the town of Santa Elena and the entrance of the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve. Those that do not wish to take the bus can take a taxi either way, which costs around $10 (for up to five passengers) each way.

Hiking Trails in Monteverde. The trails here are well maintained. Regular shoes are fine, as long as you are able to walk comfortably. There is no need for rubber boots or hiking shoes for daily trips. You may, however, need this type of footwear if you plan on staying overnight in one of the huts.

Trails Description

Sendero Bosque Nuboso (Cloud Forest Trail): 1.2 miles (1.9 KM) long with an elevation gain of 213 feet (65 m), this trail generally takes around 1.5 hours to complete. A self-guided tour booklet of the trail available in both English and Spanish can be purchased at the entrance. This is one of the most popular trails because it’s extremely pretty and has good examples of strangler fig plants.

El Camino (The Road): 1.2 miles (2 km) long with an elevation gain of 131 feet (40 m), this trail generally takes around 1.25 hours to complete. It is wider and more open than other trails, allowing for more sunlight and thus more butterflies. This trail is also excellent for bird watching.

Sendero Pantanoso (Swamp Trail): 1 mile (1.6 km) long with an elevation gain of 131 feet (40 m), this trail takes around 1.25 hours to complete. It passes through a swamp forest while traversing along the Continental Divide, and is adorned with magnolias, plants bearing stilt roots, podocarpus (the only conifer tree in the preserve), and more.

Sendero El R o (River Trail): 1.2 miles (1.9 km) long with an elevation gain of 213 feet (65 m), this trail takes around 1.5 hours to complete. This trail leads along the Quebrada Cuecha and has a short side trail to a waterfall, where there are several zapote trees.

Sendero Chomogo: 1.1 miles (1.8 km) long with an elevation gain of 492 feet (150 m), this trail generally takes about 1.25 hours to complete. This is the highest trail in the preserve, reaching 5,510 feet (1,680 m) above sea level. Oak, bamboo and heliconia are common in the higher areas, and hot lip plants abound throughout most of the walk.

Sendero George Powell (George Powell Trail): 0.1 mile (0.2 km) long with an elevation gain of 66 ft (20 m), this trail takes about 10 minutes to complete. This trail, named after one of the preserve s founders, runs through second growth forest.

Sendero Brillante (Shining Trail): 0.2 miles (0.3 km) long with an elevation gain of 49 feet (16 m), this trail takes about 10 minutes to walk. You are led along the Continental Divide to La Ventana (The Window), an overlook with a wide view of an elfin forest below. Bamboo is common along much of this trail.

Sendero Roble (Oak Trail): 0.4 miles (0.6 km) long, this lovely trail is narrow and leads to a beautiful grove of heliconia trees.

Suspended Bridge. 300 feet (100 meters) high, this bridge has spectacular views of the canopy, bromeliads, orchids and more. For a tour of all five suspended bridges, see Sky Walk

Wilford Guindon. Named in honor of one of the preserve s founder, this trail rises and falls through patches of sunlight.

Guided Tour Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve Times and Booking


Access: Strigolactone inhibition of shoot branching: Nature #nature, #science, #science #news, #biology,


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Strigolactone inhibition of shoot branching

Victoria Gomez-Roldan 1. Soraya Fermas 2. Philip B. Brewer 3. Virginie Puech-Pag s 1. Elizabeth A. Dun 3. Jean-Paul Pillot 2. Fabien Letisse 4. Radoslava Matusova 5. Saida Danoun 1. Jean-Charles Portais 4. Harro Bouwmeester 5. 6. Guillaume B card 1. Christine A. Beveridge 3. 7. 8. Catherine Rameau 2. 8 Soizic F. Rochange 1. 8

  1. Universit de Toulouse; UPS; CNRS; Surface Cellulaire et Signalisation chez les V g taux, 24 chemin de Borde Rouge, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France
  2. Station de G n tique et d Am lioration des Plantes, Institut J. P. Bourgin, UR254 INRA, F-78000 Versailles, France
  3. ARC Centre of Excellence for Integrative Legume Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
  4. CNRS, UMR5504, INRA, UMR792 Ing nierie des Syst mes Biologiques et des Proc d s, INSA de Toulouse, F-31400 Toulouse, France
  5. Plant Research International, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, the Netherlands
  6. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, the Netherlands
  7. School of Integrative Biology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
  8. These authors contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

A carotenoid-derived hormonal signal that inhibits shoot branching in plants has long escaped identification. Strigolactones are compounds thought to be derived from carotenoids and are known to trigger the germination of parasitic plant seeds and stimulate symbiotic fungi. Here we present evidence that carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase 8 shoot branching mutants of pea are strigolactone deficient and that strigolactone application restores the wild-type branching phenotype to ccd8 mutants. Moreover, we show that other branching mutants previously characterized as lacking a response to the branching inhibition signal also lack strigolactone response, and are not deficient in strigolactones. These responses are conserved in Arabidopsis. In agreement with the expected properties of the hormonal signal, exogenous strigolactone can be transported in shoots and act at low concentrations. We suggest that endogenous strigolactones or related compounds inhibit shoot branching in plants. Furthermore, ccd8 mutants demonstrate the diverse effects of strigolactones in shoot branching, mycorrhizal symbiosis and parasitic weed interaction.

  1. Universit de Toulouse; UPS; CNRS; Surface Cellulaire et Signalisation chez les V g taux, 24 chemin de Borde Rouge, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France
  2. Station de G n tique et d Am lioration des Plantes, Institut J. P. Bourgin, UR254 INRA, F-78000 Versailles, France
  3. ARC Centre of Excellence for Integrative Legume Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
  4. CNRS, UMR5504, INRA, UMR792 Ing nierie des Syst mes Biologiques et des Proc d s, INSA de Toulouse, F-31400 Toulouse, France
  5. Plant Research International, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, the Netherlands
  6. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, the Netherlands
  7. School of Integrative Biology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072, Australia
  8. These authors contributed equally to this work.

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