SEED Project #ubuntu #virtual #machine #host


Lab Environment Setup

  • There is no need for a physical lab space.
  • All the lab activities can be carried out on students’ computers .
  • We provide VM images, and all the labs have been tested in the images.
  • All software used in the lab environment is open-source and free .

Virtual Machine Software (VirtualBox)

Install the free VirtualBox. Our pre-built VM images can be used by both VMWare and VirtualBox. Here are some instructions for VirtualBox:

  • How to run our pre-built VM image with VirtualBox .
  • Network Configuration in VirtualBox for SEED labs (“NAT Network”). This is a newly added network type in VirtualBox (since version 4.3 in 2014); it basically combines the NAT adapter and Host-only adapter into one adapter called “NAT Network”. We will be using this adapter for all our SEED labs, instead of the previous “NAT + Host-only” option. You need to make sure that your VirtualBox is updated to the most recent version.
  • Loading Multiple VMs into VirtualBox: Problems and Solutions .

Pre-built Virtual Machine Images (Ubuntu)

Currently, we have three images (Ubuntu9.11, Ubuntu11.04, and Ubuntu12.04). Most labs can be conducted in any of these images. Some labs depend on a particular image, and in that case, the dependence will be clearly stated in the lab’s web site. If you do not see such a statement, assume no dependence. All the labs that work in Ubuntu 11.04 also work in Ubuntu12.04, so there is no need to use Ubuntu11.04 any more. We have already stopped supporting Ubuntu11.04.

  • ( New ) This is a revised Ubuntu 12.04 image (revised in Jaunary 2016). In this image, we added the support for several of the newly developed labs.
    • Download the image from the following server (the MD5 checksum of the file is 6ec9c429a2f4a9163530ada20f0621dc):
      • Main server
      • Backup server
    • User Manual. includes the account and password information, list of software and servers installed, and configuration.
    • VM Customization. Some labs require multiple VMs; to help you easily identify which VMs you are in, you can do some simple customization. You need to download this file ( ) as well
  • This image, built in September 2013, is based on Ubuntu 12.04. This VM officially replaces SEEDUbuntu11.04. All the labs that work in SEEUbuntu11.04 also work in this new VM.
    • Download the image from one of the following servers (the MD5 checksum of the file is 50a3ba75ddd49b6647c2411d68edceea):
      • Server at Syracuse University .
    • User Manual. includes the account and password information, list of software and servers installed, and configuration.
    • Unzip the image, and follow our VirtualBox instruction to run it in VirtualBox.
  • (replaced by SEEDUbuntu12.04). This image, built in August 2011, is based on Ubuntu 11.04.
    • Not available any more
    • User Manual. includes the account and password information, list of software and servers installed, and configuration.
  • SEEDUbuntu9_August_2010.tar.gz. This image, built in August 2010, is based on Ubuntu 9.11.
    • Not available any more
    • User Manual. includes the account and password information, list of software and servers installed, and configuration.

For Minix-based labs

Some of the SEED labs (not many) are based on the Minix operating system. You should get the Minix 3 VM image from its official web site.

Copyright Wenliang Du, Syracuse University

Installing Windows Server 2016 on Bare Metal Step-By-Step – ITProGuru Blog #bare


Installing Windows Server 2016 on Bare Metal Step-By-Step

Insert Windows Server 2016 DVD and boot your computer from the DVD. If you do not have the media, you will need to download. See for the Technical Preview. You could also download from MSDN.MICROSOFT.COM or other subscription service. You may also opt to create a bootable USB drive to use as an ISO. You can get step by step instructions from


Image / FYI Information

Description / Step breakdown

  1. Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 5

Insert Windows Server 2016 DVD and boot your computer from the DVD. Boot to the DVD/USB ISO (you may have to go into bios or interrupt boot to boot from external media).
Click the Next Button

Click the Install now Button

Optionally, enter your product key then Next or click I don t have a product key

  • Accept Terms of Use

    READ the license terms. Click on I accept the license terms then Click the Next button.

    The Evaluation DVD may have more options than TechNet/MSDN DVD. Make sure you choose “Windows Server 2016 Standard/or/Datacenter (Desktop Experience).
    NOTE: DEFAULTS TO “Server core Installation” (no Desktop Experience)Click the Next Button

    The Evaluation DVD may have more options than TechNet/MSDN DVD.
    Make sure you choose Windows Server 2016 Standard/or/Datacenter (Desktop Experience)NOTE: DEFAULTS TO Server core Installation (no Desktop Experience)Click the Next Button

  • Where? Delete Existing Partitions

    ** NOTICE ** the following steps WILL wipe out all data on your drive. These instructions are for a bare metal install. If you do not want to wipe your drive, cancel the install and follow instructions at:

    You should remove any secondary or external drives to prevent accedental deletion of data.
    Click each of the listed Drive 0 drives then click the delete button. Im prompted that this partition might contain important files or applications from your computer manufacturer. if you delete this partition, any data stored on it will be lost If you are sure you want to wipe this drive, click OK.

  • Where? New Partition, do the install

    Click Drive 0 Unallocated Space then click Next

    Give it some time to finish
    The system will automatically reboot when finished. If you walk away, you may have to remove the USB or DVD and reboot so it boots to the hard drive instead of the installation media.

  • Set Administrator Password

    Enter a password for the administrator account into the password adn Reenter password fields then click Finish

    Press [CTRL-ALT-DEL] to bring up the login screen

    type in your password and press [ENTER] to loginif you are on a wired network, you will be asked Do you want to allow your PC to be discoverable by other PCs and devices on this network? If you are on a priviate network you should select Yes.

    Notice server manager is automatically opened for you.

    In the video we also cover creating a new administrator user

    Post navigation

  • How to Copy Files To and From a VMware Server Virtual Machine


    How to Copy Files To and From a VMware Server Virtual Machine Guest

    Files may be copied to and from the guest operating system running inside a VMware virtual machine using the vmrun command line tool.

    Note that in order to perform these tasks, VMware Tools must be installed on the guest operating system. For details on installing VMware Tools refer to the Understanding and Installing VMware Tools chapter of the Virtuatopia VMware Server 2.0 Essentials online book.

    Finding the vmrun Tool

    The vmrun tool is installed on the host system as part of the VMware Server and VMware Workstation virtualization products. Assuming a standard installation where the software is placed in the default location, the vmrun executable is located in \Program Files\VMware\VMware Server on Windows hosts and in the /usr/bin directory on Linux hosts.

    Understanding vmrun Command Line Syntax

    The basic command line syntax for using vmrun varies slightly between VMware products, but can generally be summarized as follows:

    vmrun host authentication flags guest authentication flags command parameters

    The host authentication flags are required to provide host, login and password information for the host system. These are essentially the same credentials that would be used when accessing the VI Web Access management interface. These flags are required only on VMware Server hosts, and are not needed for VMware Workstation:

    The corresponding password for the guest user specified using the -gu flag.

    The command argument identifies to vmrun the task to be performed on the specified virtual machine. For example, start. stop and reset are all valid commands. Other commands are available to perform tasks within a guest operating system, such as runProgramInGuest and deleteFileInGuest.

    The parameters arguments specify optional information required for a specific command. If, for example, the stop command is specified, the parameters argument is used to reference the .vmx file of the virtual machine which is to be powered off. In the case of running guest commands, both the .vmx file of the target virtual machine and the path to the program to be executed must be provided as parameters.

    When specifying the virtual machine on which a command is to be executed, the location of the virtual machine .vmx configuration file must be provided. For VMware Workstation, this involves specifying the full path of the file. For example:

    In the case of VMware Server 2.0, which introduced the concept of datastores. the name of the datastore in which the virtual machines resides must be provided together with the path of the corresponding .vmx file within that datastore. For example, to reference a virtual machine stored in the win2008 sub-directory of the Vol1 datastore, the vmrun path parameter would be defined as follows (note that the datastore name is enclosed in square brackets and separated from the sub-directory by a space character):

    Copying Files to a Virtual Machine Guest

    A file may be copied to the guest operating system running in a VMware virtual machine using the copyFileFromHostToGuest command. For example:

    Copying Files from a Virtual Machine Guest

    A file may be copied from the guest operating system running in a VMware virtual machine using the copyFileFromGuestToHost command. For example:

    Checking if a File Exists in a Virtual Machine Guest

    Before attempting to copy a file to or from a gust operating system, it may first be useful to check whether the file exists on the guest filesystems. This can quickly be achieved with vmrun and the fileExistsInGuest command. For example:

    AutoCrib: Home #inventory #management, #logistics #management, #inventory #control, #inventory #management #software, #industrial


    Vend Everything

    What Is Industrial Vending?

    Industrial vending machines provide point-of-use inventory management for industrial supplies. Workers simply scan an ID or fingerprint to issue or return items. The industrial vending system does the recordkeeping automatically just like a tool crib attendant. It can even re-order the products for you!

    Clients Who Demand The Best Industrial Vending Solutions

    • Automotive and Heavy Equipment
    • Caterpillar
    • Ford Motor Company
    • MAC Trailer
    • Michelin
    • Red Bull Racing
    • Tesla Motors
    • Triumph Motorcycles
    • Aviation and Aerospace
    • Airbus
    • Bell Helicopter
    • General Dynamics
    • Gulfstream Service Centers
    • Lockheed Martin
    • Northrop Grumman
    • U.S. Air Force
    • Department of Defense (DoD)
    • Barksdale AFB
    • Ellsworth AFB
    • Hill AFB
    • Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC)
    • Tinker AFB
    • Warner Robins AFB
    • Energy and Utilities
    • GE Energy
    • LM Wind Power
    • Nevada Energy
    • Otter Tail Corporation
    • Siemens
    • U.S. Department of Energy
    • Food Processing and Beverage Industry
    • Bimbo Bakeries
    • Campbell’s Soup
    • Hershey Foods
    • JBT FoodTech
    • Labatt Breweries
    • Marel Stork Poultry Processing
    • Medical and Pharmaceuticals
    • Bayer
    • Boston Scientific
    • Covidien
    • GE Healthcare
    • Johnson & Johnson
    • Noble Biocare
    • NuVasive
    • Stryker

    AutoCrib vending systems helped JetBlue Airways to implement new technology in our operation. This allowed us to track our assets and reduce touch points with a return on investment that was less than 12 months. Rawlson Singh Manager, Material Operations – Jet Blue

    S ?>

    Time Machine for Windows – Altaro Oops! Backup #time #machine #on #windows


    Backup for Windows 8, 7, Vista & XP

    Backup & automatic versioning of docs. /images and other files, allows you to preview & restore versions of your files from different points in time. Mistakes such as saving over another file, deleting a complete document etc. are now a thing of the past.

    Very Fast Backup & Restore
    Your data is protected every time you make a change – without slowing down your PC.

    BackInTime Technology
    Go back in time and choose different versions of your files from different points in time.

    Fully Automatic – No Hassle
    Detects file changes automatically and versions and backs up the files for you.

    • Save Space – Only back up sections of files that changed using ReverseDelta™ Technology – Using ReverseDelta™ incremental technology, Backup FS only backs up the actual changes you make to a file – without needing to back up the whole file again every time you make a change. Continuous Data Protection (CDP) for Best Protection – Highly tuned file-change-detection technology makes sure that you are protected at all time.
    • Double-Protection with Backup Drive Redundancy – Automatically keep a double-backup to protect against theft, fire or loss of your backup drive.
    • Back up to NAS, Network Drive & USB – Choose the locations where you want to back up to; offices can choose to backup to their server or NAS drive.
    • Automatic Backup on Connect with Plug & Protect™ – for Laptop Users – Automatically initiates a backup once the backup drive is connected to the computer.
    • Restore different versions of your files with inbuilt BackInTime Technology – Restore from multiple points in time rather than ‘the most recent backup’.
    • Email Notifications on Backup Success or Failure – Receive email reports when a backup takes place. Providing peace of mind knowing that all your data is backed up.
    • Flexible Scheduling fits your needs – With Backup Scheduling you can choose to backup multiple times a day or to back up automatically as soon as a file changes. You can also choose to back up multiple times a day at a pre-set time, say for example at lunch break and during the night.
    • Restore Files through Email – With Altaro Backup FS you have the option to send a copy of the restored files to employees via email automatically – wherever they are in the world.
    • Unattended Backups – Runs as a Windows service -ideal for unattended servers. Backs up even when users are not logged in.
    • Supports Windows 2012, 2008 (incl. R2), 2003 & Microsoft Small Business Server – Fully supports Windows server operating systems including Microsoft SBS. Ideal for Small & Mid-Sized Businesses.

    Altaro Backup FS works with:

    How to Steam Milk Without an Espresso Machine Wand #how #to #make


    How to Steam Milk Without an Espresso Machine Wand

    By LeafTV Contributor

    You don t need an espresso machine with a steam wand to savor a velvety cap of milk on your next cappuccino or frothy chai latte. Learn how to steam milk so you can enjoy your favorite coffee shop drinks at home. When you steam milk, the whey proteins stabilize the milk foam. Skim milk usually is fortified with protein, so you get more stabilization — this results in a richer foam. On the other hand, whole milk imparts more flavor. The type of milk you use depends on your preferences.

    Step 1

    Pour the milk into a glass jar.

    Step 2

    Cover the jar. Shake it vigorously for 30 to 45 seconds. Big milk bubbles will appear, but it won t be long before the air mixes in with the milk. Stop shaking when the milk doubles in volume.

    Step 3

    Remove the cover. Place jar in the microwave. Microwave the milk on high for 30 to 45 seconds. Monitor the jar while the milk is steaming. Don t let it get too hot, or it will foam out and go flat; the jar should be hot but not so hot that you need a pot holder to handle it.

    Quickbooks over VPN? Archive – Micro Focus Forums #operations, #work, #quickbooks, #long,


    05-Apr-2005, 07:16 PM

    I recently set up our new accountant with the BM vpn and NW clients so that
    she might be able to access our quickbooks 2000 database via a mapped drive
    while connected to our BM3.7 server. She can connect fine, and althought QB
    (a known resource hog) is fairly slow for most common operations over the
    vpn (both client and server have SDSL connections over 500kbps), it is not
    entirely unworkable. SOME particular operations, however, take an
    IMPOSSIBLY long time (especially find operations in the records DB),
    literally many, many orders of magnitude slower than everything else.

    Is this really just due to the number of drive accesses involved in these
    operations, or is there some other buggy issue at work here?

    Does anyone know how to troubleshoot/work around this problem effectively?
    We are really trying to avoid having to shutdown/lock the QB system long
    enough for our accountant to copy the DB to a local machine, do her work,
    and then write it back out to our system. We really need a way for her to
    be able to work remotely AND concurrently with the rest of us.

    Many, many thanks in advance for any help.

    06-Apr-2005, 04:26 PM

    You will probably need to take some traces (Ethereal on the PC’s
    involved) to see what kind of traffic is involved. Might be as simple
    as needing to reduce MTU size on one or both ends of that connection.

    Perhaps simpler would be to use pcANYWHERE, VNC or terminal server/RDP
    to remote control an internal PC over the VPN to do the work remotely.

    Craig Johnson
    Novell Support Connection SysOp
    *** For a current patch list, tips, handy files and books on
    BorderManager, go to ***

    06-Apr-2005, 04:33 PM

    My experience with Quickbooks over a lan is that the newer versions can be a
    little slow as it is. I would venture to say that there is just way too
    much data to push through that small DSL pipe.

    14-Apr-2005, 04:07 PM

    Thanks for the input Craig and JP,

    I apologize for my own sluggish response. I actually found a post on
    another site that echoed Craig’s suggestion of running quickbooks on a local
    machine and having the remote client connect to it using pcAnywhere or the
    like so that all the heavy drive accesses remain local. I’m going to give
    that a try.

    Thanks again for the help,

    Enabling UEFI on Virtual Machines #uefi, #virtual #machine, #uefi #support, #vms, #server


    Enabling UEFI on Virtual Machines

    UEFI support may be becoming more and more popular, but it can still be problematic to enable on VMs. Discover how to implement UEFI on several leading VM platforms.

    Due to Microsoft’s requirement of Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) instead of BIOS firmware for computers certified for Windows 8 and later, UEFI is now supported in nearly all new computers. Although UEFI isn’t supported by all operating systems, it is becoming more and more popular.

    Today we’ll discuss UEFI support of the popular virtual machine (VM) platforms and how to enable UEFI for your virtual machines. However, keep in mind that you can’t switch a virtual machine with an installed operating system from BIOS firmware to UEFI. That will cause the operating system to fail to boot. You need to enable UEFI and then install an operating system with UEFI.

    Just like with modern computers, you can temporarily switch back to BIOS firmware for instance, to load a live bootable operating system that doesn’t support UEFI. Let’s take a closer look at how to enable UEFI on specific VM platforms.

    VMware Player and Workstation

    The virtual machine products offered by VMware support UEFI, but BIOS firmware is enabled by default. Furthermore, the VMware products do not provide an option in the GUI for enabling UEFI.

    UEFI support must be enabled by manually editing the .VMX file or by using a third-party tool like VM Tweaker .

    To manually edit the .VMX file, simply open with a text editor and add the following line and then save:

    That’s it now that particular VM should run with UEFI.


    VirtualBox by default uses the BIOS firmware for virtual machines. It supports EFI too, but unfortunately does not support booting UEFI-based system volumes, which includes Windows 8 in UEFI mode. However, if you’d still like to test or use EFI with other operating systems, enabling EFI support is easy. Open the VM settings, select System. and on the Motherboard tab, select Enable EFI (special OSes only) .

    Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 R2

    Among the many new and changed features of Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 R2, Microsoft introduced UEFI support. Virtual machines can be created with Generation 1 support, which uses BIOS firmware, or Generation 2, which enables UEFI and Secure Boot.

    After a virtual machine is created you cannot change its specified Generation, but you can optionally disable the Secure Boot support, which may actually be required to run Linux operating systems.

    There aren’t really any special settings to enable UEFI support in Hyper-V. When creating virtual machines you’re asked which Generation you’d like to enable you must choose Generation 2 for UEFI and Secure Boot support.

    Virtual machines created with Generation 2 also bring other new functionality, such as PXE boot via a standard network adapter or booting from a SCSI virtual hard disk or virtual DVD. Generation 1 implements the virtual machine like previous versions of Hyper-V and is still useful for when using legacy devices and operating systems.

    Eric Geier is a freelance tech writer keep up with his writings on Facebook. He’s also the founder of NoWiresSecurity. a cloud-based Wi-Fi security service, and On Spot Techs. an on-site computer services company.