Flood Damage Prevention #audiences,catastrophes #(cat),consumers,floods,natural #disasters,properties,safety,topics,flood #damage,flood #damage #prevention


#

Main Navigation

Flood Damage Prevention

While fire may be a more common concern among homeowners, your home could in fact be as much as ten times more likely to be damaged by water than by fire.* Significant sources of water damage to one s property can come from weather-related moisture or flooding, including flooding from heavy rains, flash floods, dam and levee failures, tidal storm surges and mudflows. In addition, new construction of buildings, roads or bridges can alter the flow of water, increasing the potential for flooding.

Living in a high-risk flood zone can increase the likelihood of experiencing a flood, but being outside a high-risk zone does not mean homeowners are safe; flooding is always a possibility due to causes such as heavy rains, snowmelt and spring thaws.

Protecting Your Property Before, During and After a Flood

There are a number of things you can do to help minimize or prevent water damage to your property. Follow these tips to help prepare and recover from potentially costly flood damage.

Before the Flood:

  • Know your properties flood zone risk and evaluate your flood risk with this reference guide from IBHS.
  • Have your furnace, water heater and other permanent equipment elevated above the expected flood levels of your area.
  • Inspect sump pumps and drains regularly to ensure proper operation.
  • If you own a generator, have a licensed electrician provide a transfer switch to your sump pump so you can operate it in the event of flooding.
  • To help prevent sewage backup, have a licensed plumber install an interior or exterior backflow prevention valve.
  • Keep sandbags on hand to help divert unusually high water away from your foundation.
  • In snowy climates, flag drains to avoid plowing snow on top of them.
  • Learn the flood alert signals of your community.
  • Collect emergency building materials if you live in a frequently flooded area. These may include plywood, plastic sheeting, lumber, nails, shovels and sandbags.
  • Plan and practice an evacuation route. Designate a place for family members to meet in the event they become separated.
  • Review with all family members how to shut off utilities in an emergency.
  • Plan a survival kit with important documents, including insurance documents, medications and critical items in the event you need to leave your home.

During the Flood:

  • Listen to a battery-operated radio or television for the latest storm information. If advised to evacuate, shut off all utilities and evacuate immediately.
  • Move to high ground, avoid rising waters and do not walk or drive through any floodwaters.
  • Stay away from downed power lines and electrical wires.

After the Flood:

  • Listen to the radio and do not return home until authorities indicate it is safe to do so.
  • Once allowed back into your home, inspect it for damage. If your property has been damaged, promptly report the loss.
  • Be watchful of snakes that may have found their way into your home.
  • Throw away all food that has come in contact with floodwaters.
  • Remove standing water as quickly as possible, including from your basement. If your basement is flooded, pump out about 1/3 of the water per day to avoid structural damage.
  • Properly dry or remove soaked carpets, padding and upholstery within 24-48 hours after a flood to prevent mold growth. Discard anything that cannot be properly dried.
  • Wash and disinfect all areas that have been flooded. This includes walls, floors, closets and shelves, as well as heating and air-conditioning systems. Do not energize electrical or electronic equipment that may have suffered water damage without first having a qualified electrician inspect and/or test it.
*FloodSmart.gov,https://www.floodsmart.gov/floodsmart/pages/residential_coverage/rc_overview.jsp

Radon (Rn) – Chemical properties, Health and Environmental effects #radon, #rn #chemical


#

Radon – Rn

Radon is colorless at standard temperature and pressure and it is the most dense gas known. At temperature below it’s freezing point is has a brilliant yellow phosphorescence. It is chemically unreactive, it is highly radioactive and has a short half life.

Radon was sometimes used in hospitals to treat cancer and was produced as needed and delivered in sealed gold needles. Radon is used in hydrologic research, because of it’s rapid loss to air. It is also used in geologic research and to track air masses.

Radon in the environment

Radon can be found in some spring water and hot springs. There is anyway a detectable amount of radon in the atmosphere. Radon collects over samples of radium 226 at the rate of around 0.001 cm3/day per g of radium.

Radon occurs in the environment mainly in the gaseous phase. Consequently, people are mainly exposed to radon through breathing air.

Background levels of radon in outside air are generally quite low, but in indoor locations radon levels in air may be higher. In homes, schools and buildings radon levels are increased because radon enters the buildings through cracks in the foundations and basements.

Some of the deep wells that supply us with drinking water may also contain radon. As a result a number of people may be exposed to radon through drinking water, as well as through breathing air.

Radon levels in groundwater are fairly high, but usually radon is quickly released into air as soon as the groundwater enters surface waters.

Exposure to high levels of radon through breathing air is known to cause lung diseases. When long-term exposure occurs radon increases the chances of developing lung cancer. Radon can only cause cancer after several years of exposure.

Radon may be radioactive, but it gives of little actual gamma radiation. As a result, harmful effects from exposure to radon radiation without actual contact with radon compounds are not likely to occur.

It is not known whether radon can cause health effects in other organs besides the lungs. The effects of radon, which is found in food or drinking water, are unknown.

Radon is a radioactive compound, which rarely occurs naturally in the environment. Most of the radon compounds found in the environment derive from human activities. Radon enters the environment through the soil, through uranium and phosphate mines, and through coal combustion.

Some of the radon that is located in the soil will move to the surface and enter the air through vaporization. In the air, radon compounds will attach to dust and other particles. Radon can also move downwards in the soil and enter the groundwater. However, most of the radon will remain in the soil.

Radon has a radioactive half-life of about four days; this means that one-half of a given amount of radon will decay to other compounds, usually less harmful compounds, every four days.


Kroll e discovery #titanium, #titanium #properties, #titanium #states, #titanium #oxidation, #titanium #facts,


#

Titanium Element Facts

Ilmenite, the mineral in which William Gregor discovered titanium.

Computer generated image of titanium atoms (blue) bonded to a carbon nanotube in a hydrogen (red) fuel-cell. Molecules like this could improve the efficiency of fuel-cells for automotive use. Image: T. Yildirim/NIST

Discovery of Titanium

Dr. Doug Stewart

Titanium s discovery was announced in 1791 by the amateur geologist Reverend William Gregor from Cornwall, England. (1), (2)

Gregor found a black, magnetic sand that looked like gunpowder in a stream in the parish of Mannacan in Cornwall, England. (We now call this sand ilmenite; it is a mixture consisting mainly of the oxides of iron and titanium.)

Gregor analyzed the sand, finding it was largely magnetite (Fe3 O4 ) and the rather impure oxide of a new metal, which he described as reddish brown calx.

This calx turned yellow when dissolved in sulfuric acid and purple when reduced with iron. tin or zinc. Gregor concluded that he was dealing with a new metal, which he named manaccanite in honor of the parish of Mannacan.

Having discovered a new metal, Gregor returned to his pastoral duties.

Little more happens in our story until 1795, when the well-known German chemist Martin Klaproth experienced the thrill of discovering a new metallic element. Klaproth called the new metal titanium, after the Titans, the sons of the Earth goddess in Greek mythology.

Klaproth discovered titanium in the mineral rutile, from Boinik, Hungary. Just like Gregor s calx, the rutile was a red color. In 1797 Klaproth read Gregor s account from 1791 and realized that the red oxide in which he had found titanium and the red oxide in which Gregor had found manaccanite were in fact the same; titanium and maccanite were the same element and Gregor was the element s true discoverer.

Gregor may have beaten Klaproth to the new metal, but scientists preferred Klaproth s titanium to Gregor s manaccanite.

Obtaining a sample of pure titanium proved to be much harder than discovering it.

Many scientists tried, but it took 119 years from its discovery until 99.9% pure titanium was isolated in 1910 by metallurgist Matthew Hunter in Schenectady, New York, who heated titanium (IV) chloride with sodium to red-heat in a pressure cylinder. (2)

In 1936, the Kroll Process (heating titanium (IV) chloride with magnesium ) made the commercial production of titanium possible. By 1948 worldwide production had reached just 3 tons a year.

By 1956, however, scientists and engineers had realized titanium s properties were highly desirable and worldwide production had exploded to 25,000 tons a year. (3)

The 2011 forecast for worldwide production of titanium metal using the Kroll process was 223,000 metric tons. (4)

A blacksmith makes a knife from titanium and shows the metal s properties.

Finely divided titanium burns easily.

Appearance and Characteristics

Titanium metal is considered to be non-toxic. As metal shavings, or powder, it is a considerable fire hazard. Titanium chlorides are corrosive.

Pure titanium is a light, silvery-white, hard, lustrous metal. It has excellent strength and corrosion resistance and also has a high strength to weight ratio.

Titanium s corrosion rate is so low that after 4000 years in seawater, corrosion would only have penetrated the metal to the thickness of a thin sheet of paper. (3)

At high temperatures the metal burns in air and, unusually, titanium also burns in pure nitrogen.

Titanium is ductile and is malleable when heated.

It is insoluble in water, but soluble in concentrated acids.

Uses of Titanium

Titanium metal is used as an alloying agent with metals including aluminum, iron. molybdenum and manganese. Alloys of titanium are mainly used in aerospace, aircraft and engines where strong, lightweight, temperature-resistant materials are needed.

As a result of its resistance to seawater, (see above) titanium is used for hulls of ships, propeller shafts and other structures exposed to the sea.

Titanium is also used in joint replacement implants, such as the ball-and-socket hip joint.

About 95% of titanium production is in the forum of titanium dioxide (titania). This intensely white pigment, with a high refractive index and strong UV light absorption, is used in white paint, food coloring, toothpaste, plastics and sunscreen.

Titanium is used in several everyday products such as drill bits, bicycles, golf clubs, watches and laptop computers.

Abundance and Isotopes

Abundance earth s crust: 0.56% by weight, 0.25% by moles

Abundance solar system: 4 parts per million by weight, 100 parts per billion by moles

Cost, pure: $661 per 100g

Cost, bulk: $ per 100g

Source: Titanium is the ninth most abundant metal in the Earth s crust. Titanium is not found freely in nature but is found in minerals such as rutile (titanium oxide), ilmenite (iron titanium oxide) and sphene (titanite or calcium titanium silicate).

Commercially, the metal is isolated using the Kroll process which initially prepares titanium oxide from the mineral ilmenite. The oxide TiO2 is then converted to the chloride ( TiCl4 ) through carbochlorination. This is condensed and purified by fractional distillation and then reduced with molten magnesium in an argon atmosphere.

Isotopes: Titanium has 18 isotopes whose half-lives are known, with mass numbers 39 to 57. Naturally occurring titanium is a mixture of its five stable isotopes and they are found in the percentages shown: 46 Ti (8.2%), 47 Ti (7.4%), 48 Ti (73.7%), 49 Ti (5.4%) and 50 Ti (5.2%). The most naturally abundant of these isotopes is 48 Ti at 73.7%.

References

1. William Gregor, Beobachtungen und Versuche ber den Menakanite, einen in Cornwall gefundenen magnetischen Sand. in Lorenz Crell s Chemische Annalen, 1791, p40.
2. Mary Elvira Weeks, The discovery of the elements. XI. Some elements isolated with the aid of potassium and sodium: Zirconium, titanium, cerium, and thorium. J. Chem. Educ. 1932, p1231.
3. Tom Margerison, The Future of Titanium. New Scientist Jun 12, 1958, p156.
4. Research and development in titanium .

Cite this Page

For online linking, please copy and paste one of the following:

To cite this page in an academic document, please use the following MLA compliant citation:

Related to Titanium Element Facts:
  • Vanadium Element Facts
  • Hafnium Element Facts
  • Zirconium Element Facts
  • Ununoctium Element Facts

Turangi Bridge Motel – 4600 State Highway 1, Turangi – Properties for

#motel sale

#

Turangi Bridge Motel ID: 1527

Do you want to earn a lot of money?

Situated on the banks of the world renowned trout fishing river, this 30 unit motel is a great opportunity for a working couple or an extended family.
Priced to sell, the vendors want to move into another industry and will be leaving behind a very stable, profitable business.

The motel caters for a wide range of clientele, trout fishermen, hikers, truck drivers and FIT travellers who are provided with very comfortable self-contained units and enjoy the luxury of being able to dine in the 78 seat restaurant or relax in the bar after an action packed day.

Turangi provides access to the Tongariro National Park with a large selection of adventure activities including river rafting, mountain biking, snow skiing, trout fishing and the world famous Tongariro crossing.

There is 28 years remaining on the lease with a further right of renewal.

Annual revenue currently in excess of $1m has seen excellent growth in recent years.

The property has been well maintained. The entire exterior has been re-painted within the last year and all the motel units have seen improvements under a rolling upgrade program.

Motel Complex

30 units in multiple configurations.

  • 15 x Studio Units
  • 6 x 2 room interconnecting family units (or 12 studios)
  • 1 x 2 bedroom family unit
  • 1 x double unit with spa bath
  • 1 x double unit with kitchenette

Restaurant Complex

  • 78 seat restaurant plus outdoor seating for 20 and an integrated bar area.
  • Two large stone fireplaces
  • Fully equipped commercial kitchen with large walk in chiller
  • On site commercial laundry equipment
  • Coin operated guest laundry
  • Drying Rooms
  • Spa pool room
  • Sauna room
  • Children s play area.

Conference Room

  • Separate conference room for up to 40 people
  • Projector and screen
  • White boards
  • Separate bathrooms
  • Balcony

This is a substantial business that is currently being operated by a husband and wife owners and 18 staff under a mixture of casual and permanent part time and full time contracts.

This business would ideally suit an extended family group that could work within the business.

Disclaimer: We do not accept responsibility for mis-statement or error contained on this site. Interested persons should rely on their own enquiry. All prices are plus GST if any unless otherwise stated. If the transaction is recognised as a going concern then the sale should be zero rated.

Confidentiality

To access information about this listing please follow the link below and complete the Confidentiality Agreement Form.





Bank Foreclosed Listings – Foreclosed Properties #foreclosed #properties, #houses #for #sale, #foreclosed


#

Foreclosures as Low as $10,000

Bank Foreclosed Home Listings

Search for foreclosed homes and bank-owned property for sale including: Bank Foreclosed Home Listings, Government Foreclosed Listings, HUD Foreclosed Listings, VA Foreclosed Listings, and REO Listings. Learn more about foreclosures. Find bank-owned homes, pre-foreclosure homes, and government-ownedhomes for sale in your area. Save money on the purchase of a home by searching our bank foreclosed listings.

Sample Foreclosed Listings

This cozy three-bedroom home features two full baths, a large living room, and a newly-upgraded kitchen.

  • This pleasant, wood-finished two-story rambler includes four bedrooms and two-and-a-half baths.

  • Situated on a half-acre, this one-story beauty is primed for family fun with a large yard, perfect for running around.

    Service may not be free in all areas


  • St John s Court Motel – 167 Union Street, SH1, Milton –

    #motel sale

    #

    St John’s Court Motel ID: 1261

    Configuration:

    Two motels, opposite one another. One the older Aotea motel and the other, the St. John s Court Motel 24 units in total.

    Aotea. 10 units ( 2 x studio, 3 x two bedroom and 5 x one bedroom.

    St. John s: 14 units ( 10 studio. Including two access units and four 2 bedroom units with 3 with spa baths.

    Complex:

    This is the only motel business in Milton.

    The business is easily run from the reception area. Aotea was taken over four years ago but has not been included in the Asure group. St. John s Motel, four star complex, is included in the Asure Group. Asure provide quality accommodation and excellent facilities. The Asure loyalty programme provides extra incentive to stay. Bookings may be made either direct or through Asure.

    Owner s Accommodation:

    Modern, spacious, open plan kitchen, dining room and lounge.

    Three bedroom residence with two bathrooms. Connected to the hub of the business. The Kitchen has a commercial oven for client breakfasts and meals.

    Heating by Heat Pump. LPG for the hot plates.

    Age:

    Asure St. John s built in 2006

    Features:

    • On SH 1 Southern Scenic route
    • Gateway to Central Otago, Catlins Coast and South Otago
    • 20 minutes south of Dunedin s International airport
    • 45 minutes south of Dunedin City
    • Ample parking
    • Excellent occupancy
    • 24 units to suit all needs

    Further Information:

    Please download, sign and return a confidentiality agreement – select the document tab above the photo

    Disclaimer: We do not accept responsibility for mis-statement or error contained on this site. Interested persons should rely on their own enquiry. All prices are plus GST if any unless otherwise stated. If the transaction is recognised as a going concern then the sale should be zero rated.

    Confidentiality

    To access information about this listing please follow the link below and complete the Confidentiality Agreement Form.